Antarctica penguin movement detection by robot residing under their province

When we talk about Antarctica, we all had a thought in our mind i.e. penguins. There are 17 species of penguin out of these seven species that exist in Antarctica. Three species live in Antarctica for some part of the year while the others live on the icy continent for the complete year. One special species of penguin live close to the equator. Thousands of ruler penguins toddling all over Antarctica have a tracker i.e. a yellow rover chasing all activities. ECHO is a push-button control ground robot peacefully spying at Alka Bay in ruler penguin province. The robot is surveilled by the Single Penguin Observation and Tracking observatory. SPOT observatory is a tool operated through a remote satellite link. On the other hand, the ECHO robot holds photographs and videos of the animal population in the Arctic.

The seven species of penguin are as under :

  • Adelie penguin – winter spent on seas with the eating of sea creatures, particularly krill.
  • Chinstrap penguin – head appears like a tiny helmet
  • Gentoo penguin – known for good driving speed i.e. 22 miles per hour
  • king penguin – part of the year in Antarctica
  • Macaroni penguin – eccentric, small, and stout
  • Rockhopper penguin – 16 to 18 inches tall
  • Emperor penguin – 04 feet height with 100 pounds weight

Marine Animal Remote Sensing Lab (MARE) is a testing platform build-up to estimate the fitness of the Antarctic marine ecosystem. The main motive of the project supported by the self-operated NPO whose name is Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution is to pay attention to king penguins standing in the food chain line. Even a little bit of change in species will affect the well-being of the ruler penguin. The squad is making all possible efforts to determine the impact of climate change on animals existing in the Antarctic.

Antarctica Aboard:- Seeing penguins, whales, seals, and cruise icebergs.

One of the most popular scientists Daniel Zitterbart has said that it is cumbersome for scientists to analyze king penguins in the Antarctic. ECHO is a system running through the battery-powered robot via its antennas that holds the mark of every penguin. According to Zitterbart, Penguins are controlling the data for eight weeks.

Robots are considered to be moved independently in the Antarctic. Robots detect the penguins in the water in a creative way leading to scanning individual as well as group penguins which is feasible. In this way, it is easy to identify the position of the penguin. Scientists are benefitted from the tracing technique of penguins as they come to know about the behavior of the penguins along with their adapting methods.

It is clear from research made by the MARE that since 2017, researchers have marked more than 300 penguin chicks every year. Penguin province consists of 26000 penguins out of which 1000 penguins are tagged. MARE is planning to monitor the penguins for further 30 years with the set of data completed in 2026. The main motive behind the data will be to examine the health as well as the adaptability of the penguin. In fact, penguins are attractive animals that hold the attention of tourists.

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